additional material Gmat 2008 Barron's Students' #1 choice

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; Subject: ; Class: ; with 36 questions; test in 45 minutes; update 08/05/2018
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Question 1.

Anyone interested in the use of the computers can learn much if you have access to a state-of-the-art microcomputer.

(A)

if you have access to

(B)

if he has access to

(C)

if access is available to

(D)

by access to

(E)

from access to

Question 2.

No student had ought to be put into a situation where he has to choose between his loyalty to his friends and his duty in the class.

(A)

No student had ought to be put into a situation where

(B)

No student had ought to be put into a situation in which

(C)

No student should be put into a situation where

(D)

No student ought to be put into a situation in which

(E)

No student ought to be put into a situation where

Question 3.

Being a realist, I could not accept her statement that supernatural beings had caused the disturbance.

(A)

Being a realist,

(B)

Since I am a realist,

(C)

Being that I am a realist,

(D)

Being as I am a realist,

(E)

Realist that I am,

Question 4.

Surviving this cricis is going to take everything we've got. In addition to ... massive retraining, we may also need subsidies-direct or channeled through the private sector-for a radically expanding service sector. Not merely things like environmental clean-up, but basic human services. (Alvin Toffler, Previews and Premises (New York: Bantam Books, 1985), p. 57.)

Which of the following statements is inconsistent with the above?

(A)

Subsidies are needed to overcome the cricis.

(B)

Environmental controls will be loosened.

(C)

The service sector is going to expand to such an extent that many more workers will be needed.

(D)

The private sector will play a role in retraining workers.

(E)

Before the cricis can end, an environmental clean-up will have to take place.

Question 5.

Per-capita income last year was $25,000. Per-capita income is calculated by dividing total aggregate cash income by the total population. Real median income for families headed by a female, with no husband present, was $29,000. Therefore, women wage-earners earned more than the national average.

Which of the following would, If true, weaken the above conclusion?

(A)

Per-capita income is calculated in real terms.

(B)

In 99 percent of the cases, families headed by the female included no other wage-earner.

(C)

Average income is not significantly different from median income.

(D)

The overall average and per-capita income were the same.

(E)

Only a small proportion of the total wage earners are women family heads.

Question 6.

Foreign investment is composed of direct investment transactions (investment in plant, equipment and land) and securitiesinvestment transactions. Throughout the post-World War II period, net increases in U.S. direct investment in Europe (funds outlows) exceeded net new European direct investment in the U.S.

Which of the following, if true, could help to account for this trend except:

(A)

Land values in Europe were increasing at a faster rate than in the United States.

(B)

Duties on imported goods in Europe were higher than those imposed by the United States.

(C)

The cost of labor (wages) was consistently lower in Europe than in the United States.

(D)

Labor mobility was much higher in the United States than in Europe.

(E)

Corporate liquidity was lower in Europe than in the United States.

Question 7.

Most large retail stores hold sales in the month of January. The original idea of price reduction campaigns in January became popular when it was realized that sales of products would generally slow down following the Christmas rush, were it not for some incentive. The lack of demand could be solved by the simple solution od reducing prices.

There is now an increasing tendency among major department stores in large urban centers to have their "January sales" begin before Christmas, some time before the end of the clendar year. The idea behind this trend is to endeavor to sell the maximum amount of stock at a profit, even if that may not be at the maximum profit.

Which of the following conclusions cannot be drawn from the above?

(A)

The incidence of "early" January sales results in the lower holdings of stocks with the corollary of lower stock holding costs.

(B)

Demand is a function of price; as you lower price, demand increases.

(C)

Major stores seem to think it makes sense to have the January sales campaigns pre-Christmas.

(D)

It is becoming less popular to start the January sales in the New Year.

(E)

The major department stores do not worry as much about profit maximization as they do about sales maximization.

Question 8.

The reason I came late to class today is because the bus broke down

(A)

 I came late to class today is because 

(B)

Why I came late to class today is because 

(C)

 I was late to school today is because 

(D)

that I was late to school today is because 

(E)

 I came late to class today is that

Question 9.

The grocer hadn't hardly any of those kind of canned goods.

(A)

hadn't hardly any of those kind

(B)

hadn't hardly any of those kinds

(C)

had hardly any of those kind

(D)

had hardly any of those kinds

(E)

had scarcely any of those kind

Question 10.

Having stole the money, the police searched the thief.

(A)

Having stole the money, the police searched the thief.

(B)

Having stolen the money, the thief was searched by the police.

(C)

Having stolen the money, the police searched the thief.

(D)

Having stole the money, the thief was searched by the police.

(E)

Being that he stole the money, the police searched the thief.

Question 11.

The child is neither encouraged to be critical or to examine all the evidence for his opinion.

(A)

neither encouraged to be critical or to examine

(B)

neither encouraged to be critical nor to examine

(C)

either encouraged to be critical or to examine

(D)

encouraged either to be critical nor to examine

(E)

not encouraged either to be critical or to examine

Question 12.

The process by which the community influence the actions of its members is known as social control.

(A)

influence the actions of its members

(B)

influences the actions of its members

(C)

had influenced the actions of its members

(D)

influences the actions of their members

(E)

will influence the actions of its members

Question 13.

Of the world's largest external-debt countries in 1999, three had the same share of world external-debt as they had in 1990. These three countries may serve as examples of countries that succeeded in holding steady their share of world external-debt.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously undermine the idea that these countries serve as examples as described above?

(A)

Of the three countries, two had a much larger share of world external-debt in 1995 than in 1999.

(B)

Some countries strive to reduce their share of world external-debt, not keep it steady.

(C)

The three countries have different rates of economic growth.

(D)

The absolute value of debt of the three countries is different.

(E)

Some countries are more concerned with internal budgets than with external debt.

Question 14.

The director of the customs service suggested that customs taxes on automobiles not be reduced as planned by the government because of the high incidence of traffic accidents last year.

Which of the above statements weakens the argument above?

I. Although the traffic accident rate last year was high, it was not appreciably higher than previous years and anyway, compulsory insurance covered most physical damage to automobiles and property.

III. A Commerce Department report showed that the demand for automobiles was high inelastic. That is, as dealers lowered their prices, sales did not increase appreciably.

III. A study by the Economics Department at Classics University found that most traffic accidents had been caused by human error although it also concluded that an inadequate road network contributed to at least 40 percent of passenger injuries.

(A)

I, but not II and not III.

(B)

II, but not I and not III.

(C)

I and III, but not II.

(D)

II and III, but not I.

(E)

I, II and III.

Question 15.

Significant beneficial effects of smoking occur primarily in the area of mental health, and the habit originates in a search for contentment. The life expectancy of our people has increased greatly in recent years; it is possible that the relaxation and contentment and enjoyment produced by smoking has lengthened many lives. Smoking is beneficial.

Which of the following, if true, weaken the above conclusion?

(A)

That cigarettes are a major health hazard cannot be traced to the willfull act of any human or organization.

(B)

The government earns millions of dollars from the tobacco tax and tens of thousands of civilians are employed in the tobacco industry.

(C)

The evidene cited in the statement covers only one example of the effects of cigarette smoking.

(D)

No mention is made of possible harmful side-effects of smoking.

(E)

No statistical evidence has proven a link between smoking and longevity.

Question 16.

An economist was quoted as saying that Consumer Price Index (CPI) will go up next month because of a recent increase in the price of fruit and vegetables.

Which of the following cannot be inferred from the statement?

(A)

The cost of fruits and vegetables has risen sharply.

(B)

Consumers have decreased their consumption of fruits and vegetables.

(C)

The cost of fruit and vegetables is a major item in the CPI.

(D)

Food cost changes are reflected quickly  in the CPI.

(E)

Other items that make up the CPI have not Significantly decreased in price.

Question 17.

At a political rally at Jefferson Stadium, candidate smith exclaimed:"Nearly everyone at the rally is behind me. It looks like I am going to be elected".

Which of the following statements, if true, best supports the above conclusion?

(A)

Smith's opponent also appeared at the rally.

(B)

The rally was attended by almost all the residents of Smith's constituency.

(C)

Smith was never defeated in a election.

(D)

Smith was supported by the local mayor.

(E)

People always vote their emotions.

Question 18.

Depending on skillful suggestion, argument is seldom used in advertising.

(A)

Depending on skillful suggestion, argument is seldom used in advertising.

(B)

Argument is seldom used by advertisers, who depend instead on skillfull suggestion.

(C)

Skillfull suggestion is depended on by advertisers instead of argument.

(D)

Suggestion, which is more skillfull, is used in place of argument by advertisers.

(E)

Instead of suggestion, depending on argument is used by skillfull advertisers.

Question 19.

In a fomous experiment by Pavlov, when a dog smelled food, it salivated. Subsequently, a bell was rung whenever food was placed near the dog. After a number of trials, only the bell was rung, whereupon the dog would salivate even though no food was present.

Which of the following conclusions may be drawn from the above experiment?

(A)

Dogs are easily fooled.

(B)

Dogs are motivated only by the sound of a bell.

(C)

The ringing of a bell was associated with food.

(D)

A conclusion cannot be reached on the basis of one experiment.

(E)

Two stimuli are stronger than one.

Question 20.

Water has been poured into an empty rectangular tank at the rate of 5 cubic feet per minute for 6 minutes. The length of the tank is 4 feet and the width is \({1 \over 2}\) of the length. How deep is the water in the tank?

(A)

7.5 inches

(B)

3 feet 7.5 inches

(C)

3 feet 9 inches

(D)

7 feet 6 inches

(E)

30 feet

Question 21.

If x, y, z are chosen from the three numbers -3, \({1 \over 2}\) and 2, what is the largest possible value of the expression ( \({x \over y}\) )z2 ?

(A)

-\({3 \over 8}\)

(B)

16

(C)

24

(D)

36

(E)

54

Question 22.

A survey of n people found that 60 percent preferred brand A. An additional x people were surveyed who all preferred band A. Seventy percent of all the people surveyed preferred brand A. Find x in terms of n.

(A)

\({n \over 6}\)

(B)

\({n\over 3}\)

(C)

\({n\over 2}\)

(D)

n

(E)

3n

Question 23.

In a population that has a normal distribution with mean m and standard deviation \(\sigma\), determine the approximate percent of the population that lies between \(\mu - 2\sigma\) and  \(\mu + \sigma\).

(A)

68%

(B)

82%

(C)

95%

(D)

99%

Question 24.

In Motor City 90 percent of the population own a car, 15 percent own a motorcycle, and everybody owns one or the other or both. What is the percentage of the motorcycle owners who own cars?

(A)

5%

(B)

15%

(C)

33\( {1 \over 3}\)%

(D)

50%

(E)

90%

Question 25.

The heights of students are normally distributed with mean m = 157 cm and standard deviation s = 12 cm. Samantha and James are students.

If only 35% of students are taller than James, determine his height in centimetres.

(A)

152

(B)

157

(C)

162

(D)

165

Question 26.

A fair coin is tossed 60 times. Using the normal approximation to the binomial distribution, calculate the probability that a head will show between 32 and 36 times inclusive.

(A)

0.2421

(B)

0.3026

(C)

0.3032

(D)

0.3037

Question 27.

Jim's weight is 140 percent of Marcia's weight. Bob's weight is 90 percent of Lee's weight. Lee weights twice as much as Marcia. What percentage of Jim's weight is BAob's weight?

(A)

64\({2 \over 7}\)

(B)

77\( {7 \over 9}\)

(C)

90

(D)

128\( {4 \over 7}\)

(E)

155\({5 \over 9}\)

Question 28.

A chair originally cost $50.00. The chair was offered for sale at 108 percent of its cost. After a week, the price was discounted 10 percent and the chair was sold. The chair was sold for

(A)

$45.00

(B)

$48.60

(C)

$49.00

(D)

$49.50

(E)

$54.00

Question 29.

Towns A and C are connected by a straight highway that is 60 miles long. The straight-line distance between town A and town B is 50 miles, and the straight-line distance from town B to town C is 50 miles. How many miles is it from town B to the point on the highway connecting towns A and C that is closest to town B?

(A)

30

(B)

40

(C)

30\({\sqrt2}\)

(D)

50

(E)

60

Question 30.

A worker is paid x dollars for the first 8 hours he works each day. He is paid y dollars per hour for each hour he works in excess of 8 hours. During one week he works 8 hours on Monday, 11 hours on Tuesday, 9 hours on Friday. What is his average daily wage in dollars for 5-day week?

(A)

x + 1.4y

(B)

2x + y

(C)

\({(5x + 8y) \over 5}\)

(D)

8x + 1.4y

(E)

5x + 7y

Question 31.

A club has 8 male and 8 female members. The club is choosing a committee of 6 members. The commitee must have 3 male and 3 female members. How many different committees can be chosen?

(A)

112,896

(B)

3,136

(C)

720

(D)

112

(E)

9

Question 32.

A club has 10 male and 5 female members. Each member of the club writes their name on a ticket, and the tickets are deposited in a box. The club chooses 2 members to go to a national meeting by drawing 2 tickets from the box. What is the probability that both members picked for the trip are female?

(A)

\({2\over 21}\)

(B)

\({1\over 10}\)

(C)

\({2 \over 7}\)

(D)

\({5 \over 15}\)

(E)

\({2\over 5}\)

Question 33.

The distribution of scores on a math test had a mean of 82 percent with a standard deviation of 5 percent. The score that is exactly 2 standard deviations above the mean is

(A)

72%

(B)

82%

(C)

92%

(D)

95%

(E)

cannot be determined

Question 34.

 A motorcycle costs $2,500 when it is brand new. At the end of each year it is worth 80 percent of what it was worth at the beginning of the year. What is the motorcycle worth when it is 3 years old?

(A)

$1,000

(B)

$1,200

(C)

$1,280

(D)

$1,340

(E)

$1,430

Question 35.

Which of the following inequalities is the solution to the inequality 7x - 5 < 12x + 18?

(A)

x < -\({13 \over 5}\)

(B)

x > -\({23\over 5}\)

(C)

x < -\({23 \over 5}\)

(D)

x > \({23 \over 5}\)

(E)

x < \({23 \over 5}\)

Question 36.

On a list of people ages the tabulator made an error that resulted in 20 years being added to each person's age. Which of the following statements is true?

I. The mean of the listed ages and the mean of the actual ages are the same.

II. The standard deviation of the listed ages and the actual ages are the same.

III. The range of the listed ages and the actual ages are the same.

(A)

only II

(B)

I and II

(C)

I and III

(D)

II and III

(E)

I, II, and III

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