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Quantitative of GMAT level 4 part 2

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; Subject: ; Class: ; with 37 questions; test in 75 minutes; update 04/12/2018
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Subjects Update 04/12/2018
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Question 1.

Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator Rabindranath Tagore had the greatest admiration for Mohandas K. Gandhi the person and also as a politician, but Tagore had been skeptical of Gandhi’s form of nationalism and his conservative opinions about India’s cultural traditions.

(A)

for Mohandas K. Gandhi the person and also as a politician, but Tagore had been

(B)

for Mohandas K. Gandhi as a person and as a politician, but Tagore was also

(C)

for Mohandas K. Gandhi not only as a person and as a politician, but Tagore was also

(D)

of Mohandas K. Gandhi as a person and as also a politician, but Tagore was

(E)

of Mohandas K. Gandhi not only as a person and as a politician, but Tagore had also been

Question 2.

Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

(A)

it is so debilitating that it has become an economic

(B)

it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical

(C)

so debilitating is it as to become an economic

(D)

such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical

(E)

there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical

Question 3.

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) had long been expected to announce a reduction in output to bolster sagging oil prices, but officials of the organization just recently announced that the group will pare daily production by 1.5 million barrels by the beginning of next year, but only if non- OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output by a total of 500,000 barrels a day.

(A)

year, but only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, were to trim output

(B)

year, but only if the output of non-OPEC nations, which includes Norway, Mexico, and Russia, is trimmed

(C)

year only if the output of non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, would be trimmed

(D)

year only if non-OPEC nations, which includesNorway, Mexico, and Russia, were trimming output
 

(E)

year only if non-OPEC nations, including Norway, Mexico, and Russia, trim output

Question 4.

In 1850, Lucretia Mott published her Discourse on Women, arguing in a treatise for women to have equal political and legal rights and for changes in the married women’s property laws.

(A)

arguing in a treatise for women to have equal political and legal rights

(B)

arguing in a treatise for equal political and legal rights for women

(C)

a treatise that advocates women’s equal political and legal rights

(D)

a treatise advocating women’s equal political and legal rights

(E)

a treatise that argued for equal political and legal rights for women

Question 5.

To develop more accurate population forecasts, demographers have to know a great deal more than now about the social and economic determinants of fertility.

(A)

have to know a great deal more than now about the social and economic

(B)

have to know a great deal more than they do now about the social and economical

(C)

would have to know a great deal more than they do now about the social and economical

(D)

would have to know a great deal more than they do now about the social and economic

(E)

would have to know a great deal more than now about the social and economic

Question 6.

Laos has a land area about the same as Great Britain but only four million in population, where many are members of hill tribes ensconced in the virtually inaccessible mountain valleys of the north.

(A)

about the same as Great Britain but only four million in population, where many

(B)

of about the same size as Great Britain is, but in Laos there is a population of only four million, and many

(C)

that is about the same size as Great Britain’s land area, but in Laos with a population of only four million people, many of them

(D)

comparable to the size of Great Britain, but only four million in population, and many

(E)

comparable to that of Great Britain but a population of only four million people, many of whom

Question 7.

The plot of The Bostonians centers on the rivalry between Olive Chancellor, an active feminist, with her charming and cynical cousin, Basil Ransom, when they find themselves drawn to the same radiant young woman whose talent for public speaking has won her an ardent following.

(A)

rivalry between Olive Chancellor, an active feminist, with her charming and cynical cousin, Basil Ransom,

(B)

rivals Olive Chancellor, an active feminist, against her charming and cynical cousin, Basil Ransom,

(C)

rivalry that develops between Olive Chancellor, an active feminist, and Basil Ransom, her charming and cynical cousin,

(D)

developing rivalry between Olive Chancellor, an active feminist, with Basil Ransom, her charming and cynical cousin,

(E)

active feminist, Olive Chancellor, and the rivalry with her charming and cynical cousin Basil Ransom,

Question 8.

Quasars, at billions of light-years from Earth the most distant observable objects in the universe, believed to be the cores of galaxies in an early stage of development.

(A)

believed to be

(B)

are believed to be

(C)

some believe them to be

(D)

some believe they are

(E)

it is believed that they are

Question 9.

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

(A)

much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them

(B)

much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

(C)

much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

(D)

creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them

(E)

the creation of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

Question 10.

In 1713, Alexander Pope began his translation of the Iliad, a work that, taking him seven years until completion, and that literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced the greatest translation in any language.

(A)

his translation of the Iliad, a work that, taking him seven years until completion, and that literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced

(B)

his translation of the Iliad, a work that took him seven years to complete and that literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced

(C)

his translation of the Iliad, a work that had taken seven years to complete and that literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced it as

(D)

translating the Iliad, a work that took seven years until completion and that literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced it as

(E)

translating the Iliad, a work that had taken seven years to complete and literary critic Samuel Johnson, Pope’s contemporary, pronounced it

Question 11.

It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers more than four times the surface area of its closest rival in size, North America’s Lake Superior.

(A)

It is called a sea, but the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, which covers

(B)

Although it is called a sea, actually the landlocked Caspian is the largest lake on Earth, which covers

(C)

Though called a sea, the landlocked Caspian is actually the largest lake on Earth, covering

(D)

Though called a sea but it actually is the largest lake on Earth, the landlocked Caspian covers

(E)

Despite being called a sea, the largest lake on Earth is actually the landlocked Caspian, covering

Question 12.

The automotive conveyor-belt system, which Henry Ford modeled after an assembly-line technique introduced by Ransom Olds, reduced from a day and a half to 93 minutes the required time of assembling a Model T.

(A)

from a day and a half to 93 minutes the required time of assembling a Model T

(B)

the time being required to assemble a Model T, from a day and a half down to 93 minutes

(C)

the time being required to assemble a Model T, a day and a half to 93 minutes

(D)

the time required to assemble a Model T from a day and a half to 93 minutes

(E)

from a day and a half to 93 minutes, the time required for the assembling of a Model T

Question 13.

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a “soft landing,” followed by a gradual increase in business activity.

(A)

that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come

(B)

in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come

(C)

in the economy’s ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared, and instead to come

(D)

in the economy to avoid the recession many bwere fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come

(E)

that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming

Question 14.

A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may be so brisk it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make sense of speech.

(A)

it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make

(B)

that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, as a result, to make

(C)

that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, the result of this, they are unable to make

(D)

that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words, and results in not making

(E)

as to hamper the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words, resulting in being unable to make

Question 15.

To Josephine Baker, Paris was her home long before it was fashionable to be an expatriate, and she remained in France during the Second World War as a performer and an intelligence agent for the Resistance.

(A)

To Josephine Baker, Paris was her home long before it was fashionable to be an expatriate,

(B)

For Josephine Baker, long before it was fashionable to be an expatriate, Paris was her home,

(C)

Josephine Baker made Paris her home long before to be an expatriate was fashionable,

(D)

Long before it was fashionable to be an expatriate, Josephine Baker made Paris her home,

(E)

Long before it was fashionable being an expatriate, Paris was home to Josephine Baker,

Question 16.

The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his “Essay on Heat and Light,” a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.

(A)

a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a

(B)

a critique of all chemistry following Robert Boyle and also his envisioning of a

(C)

a critique of all chemistry after Robert Boyle and envisioning as well

(D)

critiquing all chemistry from Robert Boyle forward and also a vision of

(E)

critiquing all the chemistry done since Robert Boyle as well as his own envisioning of

Question 17.

The report recommended that the hospital should eliminate unneeded beds, expensive services should be consolidated, and use space in other hospitals.

(A)

should eliminate unneeded beds, expensive services should be consolidated, and use space in other hospitals

(B)

should eliminate unneeded beds, expensive services should be consolidated, and other hospitals’ space be used

(C)

should eliminate unneeded beds, expensive services should be consolidated, and to use space in other hospitals

(D)

eliminate unneeded beds, consolidate expensive services, and other hospitals’ space used

(E)

eliminate unneeded beds, consolidate expensive services, and use space in other hospitals

Question 18.

Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

(A)

programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply

(B)

programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing and to apply

(C)

programs; that enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, to apply

(D)

programs, which enables a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to move into new housing, applying

(E)

programs, which enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing, applying

Question 19.

Elizabeth Barber, the author of both Prehistoric Textiles, a comprehensive work on cloth in the early cultures of the Mediterranean, and also of Women’s Work, a more general account of early cloth manufacture, is an expert authority on textiles in ancient societies.

(A)

also of Women’s Work, a more general account of early cloth manufacture, is an expert authority on

(B)

also Women’s Work, a more general account of cloth manufacture, is an expert authority about

(C)

of Women’s Work, a more general account about early cloth manufacture, is an authority on

(D)

of Women’s Work, a more general account about early cloth manufacture, is an expert authority about

(E)

Women’s Work, a more general account of early cloth manufacture, is an authority on

Question 20.

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan Empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

(A)

Empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(B)

Empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(C)

Empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or

(D)

Empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

(E)

Empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

Question 21.

That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault: Alvin Toffler, one of the most prominent students of the future, did not even mention microcomputers in Future Shock, published in 1970.

(A)

That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said that it is their fault

(B)

That educators have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said to be at fault

(C)

It can hardly be said that it is the fault of educators who have not anticipated the impact of microcomputer technology

(D)

It can hardly be said that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology

(E)

The fact that educators are at fault for not anticipating the impact of microcomputer technology can hardly be said

Question 22.

A leading figure in the Scottish Enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

(A)

Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what

(B)

Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like

(C)

Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as

(D)

Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to

(E)

Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Question 23.

The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month.

(A)

world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival’s month

(B)

world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month

(C)

world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month

(D)

world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival

(E)

world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival

Question 24.

While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.

(A)

all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the states obviously determines

(B)

each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously determine

(C)

all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously determines

(D)

each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determines

(E)

all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state obviously determine

Question 25.

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A)

the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

(B)

Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra- cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C)

it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(D)

more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(E)

more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

Question 26.

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A)

and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage

(B)

and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging

(C)

establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage

(D)

to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging

(E)

to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage

Question 27.

Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate genetic predispositions toward certain diseases.

(A)

not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate

(B)

do damage by themselves but also are aggravating to

(C)

are damaging by themselves but also are aggravating

(D)

not only do damage by themselves, they are also aggravating to

(E)

are doing damage by themselves, and they are also aggravating

Question 28.

Digging in sediments in northern China, evidence has been gathered by scientists suggesting that complex life-forms emerged much earlier than they had previously thought.

(A)

evidence has been gathered by scientists suggesting that complex life-forms emerged much earlier than they had

(B)

evidence gathered by scientists suggests a much earlier emergence of complex life-forms than had been

(C)

scientists have gathered evidence suggesting that complex life-forms emerged much earlier than

(D)

scientists have gathered evidence that suggests a much earlier emergence of complex life-forms than that which was

(E)

scientists have gathered evidence which suggests a much earlier emergence of complex life-forms than that

Question 29.

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A)

act as a buffer, so that it absorbs

(B)

act like a buffer so as to absorb

(C)

act as a buffer, absorbing

(D)

acting as a buffer, absorbing

(E)

acting like a buffer, absorb

Question 30.

The 32 species that make up the dolphin family are closely related to whales and in fact include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is famous for its aggressive hunting pods.

(A)

include the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and is

(B)

include the animal known as the killer whale, growing as big as 30 feet long and

(C)

include the animal known as the killer whale, growing up to 30 feet long and being

(D)

includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow as big as 30 feet long and is

(E)

includes the animal known as the killer whale, which can grow to be 30 feet long and it is

Question 31.

Outlining his strategy for nursing the troubled conglomerate back to health, the chief executive’s plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company’s huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months.

(A)

executive’s plans were announced on Wednesday for cutting the company’s huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months

(B)

executive’s plans, which are to cut the company’s huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months, were announced on Wednesday

(C)

executive’s plans for cutting the company’s huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months were announced on Wednesday

(D)

executive announced plans Wednesday to cut the company’s huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months

(E)

executive announced plans Wednesday that are to cut the company’s huge debt by selling nearly $12 billion in assets over the next 18 months

Question 32.

Affording strategic proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, Morocco was also of interest to the French throughout the first half of the twentieth century because they assumed that if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure.

(A)

if they did not hold it, their grip on Algeria was always insecure

(B)

without it their grip on Algeria would never be secure

(C)

their grip on Algeria was not ever secure if they did not hold it

(D)

without that, they could never be secure about their grip on Algeria

(E)

never would their grip on Algeria be secure if they did not hold it

Question 33.

The first trenches that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence for centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East that were arising simultaneously with but independently of the more celebrated city-states of southern Mesopotamia, in what is now southern Iraq.

(A)

that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence for centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East that were
arising simultaneously with but

(B)

that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, yields strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East were arising simultaneously with but also

(C)

having been cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East were arising simultaneously but

(D)

cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, yields strong evidence of centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East arising simultaneously but also

(E)

cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East arose simultaneously with but

Question 34.

Along the major rivers that traverse the deserts of northeast Africa, the Middle East, and northwest India, the combination of a reliable supply of water and good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions that, in places, endure in at least 6,000 years.

(A)

good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions that, in places, endure in

(B)

good growing conditions encouraged farming traditions that have, in places, endured for

(C)

of good growing conditions have encouraged farming traditions that, in places, endured for

(D)

of good growing conditions both encouraged farming traditions that have, in places, endured

(E)

of good growing conditions encouraged farming traditions that have, in places, been enduring for

Question 35.

His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A)

in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas

(B)

in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas

(C)

when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate

(D)

when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas

(E)

when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

Question 36.

Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

(A)

exhibit, which thereby activates

(B)

exhibit, in turn an activation of

(C)

exhibit, and it will activate

(D)

exhibit and thereby activate

(E)

exhibit which, as a result, activates

Question 37.

Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is fragmented into mobile semirigid plates.

(A)

Despite its covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, rather it is

(B)

Despite the fact that it covers the entire planet, Earth’s crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but is

(C)

Despite covering the entire planet, Earth’s crust is neither seamless nor is it stationary, but rather

(D)

Although it covers the entire planet, Earth’s crust is neither seamless nor stationary, but rather

(E)

Although covering the entire planet, Earth has a crust that is not seamless or stationary, but

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