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Quantitative of GMAT level 4 part 4

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; Subject: ; Class: ; with 37 questions; test in 75 minutes; update 24/01/2019
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Question 1.

Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced X-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.

(A)

Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced X-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,

(B)

Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton-induced X-ray emission

(C)

A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced X-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,

(D)

A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced X-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,

(E)

A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced X-ray emission,

Question 2.

While it costs about the same to run nuclear plants as other types of power plants, it is the fixed costs that stem from building nuclear plants that makes it more expensive for them to generate electricity.

(A)

While it costs about the same to run nuclear plants as other types of power plants, it is the fixed costs that stem from building nuclear plants that makes it more expensive for them to
generate electricity.

(B)

While the cost of running nuclear plants is about the same as for other types of power plants, the fixed costs that stem from building nuclear plants make the electricity they generate more expensive.

(C)

Even though it costs about the same to run nuclear plants as for other types of power plants, it is the fixed costs that stem from building nuclear plants that makes the electricity they generate more expensive.

(D)

It costs about the same to run nuclear plants as for other types of power plants, whereas the electricity they generate is more expensive, stemming from the fixed costs of building
nuclear plants.

(E)

The cost of running nuclear plants is about the same as other types of power plants, but the electricity they generate is made more expensive because of the fixed costs stemming from building nuclear plants.

Question 3.

Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self- confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

(A)

Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self- esteem, and responsibly independent.

(B)

Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

(C)

Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.

(D)

Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an
adolescent.

(E)

Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.

Question 4.

Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A)

in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

(B)

in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping

(C)

in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping

(D)

to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help

(E)

to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

Question 5.

Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of The Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.

(A)

Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of The Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.

(B)

Published in Harlem, two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, were the owner and editor of The Messenger.

(C)

Published in Harlem, The Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, A.Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputationas a labor leader, and Chandler Owen.

(D)

The Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and published in Harlem.

(E)

The owner and editor being two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, The Messenger was published
in Harlem.

Question 6.

A mutual fund having billions of dollars in assets will typically invest that money in hundreds of companies, rarely holding more than one percent of the shares of any particular corporation.

(A)

companies, rarely holding more than one percent

(B)

companies, and it is rare to hold at least one percent or more

(C)

companies and rarely do they hold more than one percent

(D)

companies, so that they rarely hold more than one percent

(E)

companies; rarely do they hold one percent or more

Question 7.

Construction of the Roman Colosseum, which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, was completed a decade later, during the reign of Titus, who opened the Colosseum with a one-hundred-day cycle of religious pageants, gladiatorial games, and spectacles.

(A)

which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian,

(B)

officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

(C)

which was officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, began in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

(D)

officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater and begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian it

(E)

officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater, which was begun in A.D. 69, during the reign of Vespasian, and

Question 8.

As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(A)

As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

(B)

A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

(C)

As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

(D)

A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

(E)

As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

Question 9.

Starfish, with anywhere from five to eight arms, have a strong regenerative ability, and if one arm is lost it quickly replaces it, sometimes by the animal overcompensating and growing an extra one or two.

(A)

one arm is lost it quickly replaces it, sometimes by the animal overcompensating and

(B)

one arm is lost it is quickly replaced, with the animal sometimes overcompensating and

(C)

they lose one arm they quickly replace it, sometimes by the animal overcompensating,

(D)

they lose one arm they are quickly replaced, with the animal sometimes overcompensating,

(E)

they lose one arm it is quickly replaced, sometimes with the animal overcompensating,

Question 10.

Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated international disputes over uninhabited islands.

(A)

Because there are provisions of the new maritime code that provide that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, they have already stimulated

(B)

Because the new maritime code provides that even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas, it has already stimulated

(C)

Even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, already stimulating

(D)

Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, this has already stimulated

(E)

Because even tiny islets can be the basis for claims to the fisheries and oil fields of large sea areas under provisions of the new maritime code, which is already stimulating

Question 11.

The original building and loan associations were organized as limited life funds, whose members made monthly payments on their share subscriptions, then taking turns drawing on the funds for home mortgages.

(A)

subscriptions, then taking turns drawing

(B)

subscriptions, and then taking turns drawing

(C)

subscriptions and then took turns drawing

(D)

subscriptions and then took turns, they drew

(E)

subscriptions and then drew, taking turns

Question 12.

Gall’s hypothesis of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today.

(A)

of there being different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

(B)

of different mental functions that are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

(C)

that different mental functions are localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

(D)

which is that there are different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain is widely accepted today

(E)

which is widely accepted today is that there are different mental functions localized in different parts of the brain

Question 13.

Mauritius was a British colony for almost 200 years, excepting for the domains of administration and teaching, the English language was never really spoken on the island.

(A)

excepting for

(B)

except in

(C)

but except in

(D)

but excepting for

(E)

with the exception of

Question 14.

George Sand (Aurore Lucile Dupin) was one of the first European writers to consider the rural poor to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these with sympathy and respect in her novels.

(A)

to be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(B)

should be legitimate subjects for literature and portray these

(C)

as being legitimate subjects for literature and portraying them

(D)

as if they were legitimate subjects for literature and portray them

(E)

legitimate subjects for literature and to portray them

Question 15.

The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats.

(A)

a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,

(B)

a phenomenon most scientists agree that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

(C)

a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels,

(D)

which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

(E)

which most scientists agree to be a phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

Question 16.

New theories propose that catastrophic impacts of asteroids and comets may have caused reversals in the Earth’s magnetic field, the onset of ice ages, splitting apart continents 80 million years ago, and great volcanic eruptions.

(A)

splitting apart continents

(B)

the splitting apart of continents

(C)

split apart continents

(D)

continents split apart

(E)

continents that were split apart

Question 17.

A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than 300 personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

(A)

from a one-page writing sample that it can assess

(B)

from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing

(C)

the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing

(D)

to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess

(E)

being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample

Question 18.

Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)

they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease

(B)

after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again

(C)

in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again

(D)

with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again

(E)

a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

Question 19.

She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to her native Germany, photographer Lotte Jacobi nevertheless earned a small group of discerning admirers, and her photographs were eventually exhibited in prestigious galleries across the United States.

(A)

She was less successful after she had emigrated to New York compared to

(B)

Being less successful after she had emigrated to New York as compared to

(C)

Less successful after she emigrated to New York than she had been in

(D)

Although she was less successful after emigrating to New York when compared to

(E)

She had been less successful after emigrating to New York than in

Question 20.

Today, because of improvements in agricultural technology, the same amount of acreage produces double the apples that it has in 1910.

(A)

double the apples that it has

(B)

twice as many apples as it did

(C)

as much as twice the apples it has

(D)

two times as many apples as there were

(E)

a doubling of the apples that it did

Question 21.

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.

(A)

that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses

(B)

that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn

(C)

creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses

(D)

to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious

(E)

who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn

Question 22.

Today, because of improvements in agricultural technology, the same amount of acreage produces double the apples that it has in 1910.

(A)

double the apples that it has

(B)

twice as many apples as it did

(C)

as much as twice the apples it has

(D)

two times as many apples as there were

(E)

a doubling of the apples that it did

Question 23.

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.

(A)

that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses

(B)

that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn

(C)

creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses

(D)

to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious

(E)

who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn

Question 24.

Joan of Arc, a young Frenchwoman who claimed to be divinely inspired, turned the tide of English victories in her country by liberating the city of Orléans and she persuaded Charles VII of France to claim his throne.

(A)

she persuaded Charles VII of France to claim his throne

(B)

persuaded Charles VII of France in claiming his throne

(C)

persuading that the throne be claimed by Charles VII of France

(D)

persuaded Charles VII of France to claim his throne

(E)

persuaded Charles VII of France to claim his throne

Question 25.

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving as a kind of snorkel.

(A)

that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B)

that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C)

suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D)

to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E)

to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Question 26.

Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the 4,000 Acadians who migrated there in 1755; their language is basically seventeenth-century French to which has been added English, Spanish, and Italian words.

(A)

to which has been added English, Spanish, and Italian words

(B)

added to which is English, Spanish, and Italian words

(C)

to which English, Spanish, and Italian words have been added

(D)

with English, Spanish, and Italian words having been added to it

(E)

and, in addition, English, Spanish, and Italian words are added

Question 27.

Over 75 percent of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33 percent.

(A)

while in Germany it is just over 33 percent

(B)

compared to Germany, which uses just over 33 percent

(C)

whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33 percent of the energy produced in Germany

(D)

whereas just over 33 percent of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany

(E)

compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33 percent

Question 28.

Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A)

it is someone who is

(B)

it is a person

(C)

they are people who are

(D)

it refers to someone who is

(E)

it is in reference to people

Question 29.

Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year—they are often green and striped, or have plenty of bumps and bruises—heirlooms are more flavorful and thus in increasing demand.

(A)

Although appearing less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year

(B)

Although heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

(C)

Although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins, heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year

(D)

Grown from seeds saved during the previous year, heirloom tomatoes appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

(E)

Heirloom tomatoes, grown from seeds saved during the previous year, although they appear less appetizing than most of their round and red supermarket cousins

Question 30.

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A)

requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect

(B)

requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

(C)

that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect

(D)

to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting

(E)

to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Question 31.

Recently implemented “shift-work equations” based on studies of the human sleep cycle have reduced sickness, sleeping on the job, fatigue among shift workers, and have raised production efficiency in various industries.

(A)

fatigue among shift workers, and have raised

(B)

fatigue among shift workers, and raised

(C)

and fatigue among shift workers while raising

(D)

lowered fatigue among shift workers, and raised

(E)

and fatigue among shift workers was lowered while raising

Question 32.

Spanning more than 50 years, Friedrich Müller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as a Sanskrit scholar and culminated in virtually every honor that European governments and learned societies could bestow.

(A)

Müller began his career in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(B)

Müller’s career began in an unpromising apprenticeship as

(C)

Müller’s career began with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(D)

Müller had begun his career with the unpromising apprenticeship of being

(E)

the career of Müller has begun with an unpromising apprenticeship of

Question 33.

Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A)

Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes

(B)

Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that

(C)

Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes

(D)

Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds

(E)

Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes

Question 34.

Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind of composer who receives popular acclaim while living, often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again.

(A)

often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again

(B)

whose reputation declines after death and never regains its status again

(C)

but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status

(D)

who declines in reputation after death and who never regained popularity again

(E)

then has declined in reputation after death and never regained popularity

Question 35.

Most efforts to combat such mosquito-borne diseases like malaria and dengue have focused either on the vaccination of humans or on exterminating mosquitoes with pesticides.

(A)

like malaria and dengue have focused either on the vaccination of humans or on exterminating

(B)

like malaria and dengue have focused either on vaccinating of humans or on the extermination of

(C)

as malaria and dengue have focused on either vaccinating humans or on exterminating

(D)

as malaria and dengue have focused on either vaccinating of humans or on extermination of

(E)

as malaria and dengue have focused on either vaccinating humans or exterminating

Question 36.

In no other historical sighting did Halley’s Comet cause such a worldwide sensation as did its return in 1910–1911.

(A)

did its return in 1910–1911

(B)

had its 1910–1911 return

(C)

in its return of 1910–1911

(D)

its return of 1910–1911 did

(E)

its return in 1910–1911

Question 37.

Rock samples taken from the remains of an asteroid about twice the size of the 6-mile-wide asteroid that eradicated the dinosaurs has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus is evidence of the earliest known asteroid impact on Earth.

(A)

has been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus is

(B)

has been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus

(C)

have been dated to be 3.47 billion years old and thus are

(D)

have been dated as being 3.47 billion years old and thus

(E)

have been dated at 3.47 billion years old and thus are

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